Boston Avenue

UNITED METHODIST CHURCH
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Tour the Building

Tour the Building

The Boston Avenue United Methodist Church, located in downtown Tulsa, Oklahoma was completed in 1929. It is considered to be one of the finest examples of ecclesiastical art deco architecture in the United States and has been designated by the Department of the Interior as a National Historic Landmark as well as listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

BAUMC At Night
BAUMC tower detail picture. At the top of the tower, as well as on many of the other high points of the church and used much in the same manner that churches in the middle ages utilized crockets and finials, is a stylized sculpture that represents two hands raised upward in prayer.

This motif of praying hands is one that is echoed throughout the building and is one of the areas of design that can be traced back to the early drawings by Adah Robinson.

While the building is in many ways unique, the idea of the large, semi-circular main auditorium has an earlier precursor in another Methodist church, Louis Sullivan's St. Paul's Methodist Church, designed in 1910 and built, somewhat modified, in Cedar Rapids, Iowa in 1914.

Like many Art Deco buildings, the Boston Avenue Church reveled in the use of various different building materials, so metal, glass, terra cotta, Indiana limestone and Minnesota granite can all be found. The exterior is decorated with numerous terra cotta sculptures by the Denver sculptor, Robert Garrison, who had been a student of Adah Robinson's in Oklahoma City. These sculptures include several groups of people at prayer representing Spiritual Life, Religious Education and Worship. In these groups again can be found the motif of two hands together upward in prayer.


Circuit Riders Sculptures
Circuit Riders Sculptures

Above the south entrance are the equestrian Circuit Riders, statues of the early Methodists engaged in spreading the Good Word. Two of the three riders represent historic individuals, Bishop Francis Asbury, the first American Methodist bishop and Bishop William McKendrie, while the third figure, the one in the center, is symbolic of all the other men of God who did His bidding from horseback. The face for this rider was created by Garrison using the church minister's father-in-law, the Rev. T.L. Darnell, as his model. Rev. Darnell had in fact been a circuit rider for half a century.

Over the north entrance of the building, there can be found idealized statues of John Wesley, the founder of Methodism, his brother Charles Wesley, a hymn writer and church organizer, and Susanna Wesley, their mother. Other places on the exterior reveal classic art deco styles organic plant designs, which, like the stained glass windows, were based on designs drawn from Oklahoma flora, most notably the tritoma and coreopsis.
Adah Robinson

Adah Robinson
Building Designer

Like a sermon in stone, the limestone building was designed to honor God and identify its members as people of God. As Dr. Adah M. Robinson, building designer, writes, "All appointments have been designed with the hope of creating a place that is honest, harmonious, and spiritualized; that those who may not respond through their reason and those who may not react through their emotion may at least through visualization be moved to a higher conception of the Presence of Divine Power." The building now stands as one of the most significant examples of art deco architecture in the world, and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The first eleven photographs, which highlight significant aspects of the design, were taken by photographer David Halpern, whose work appears in our Boston Avenue centennial book, "More Than a Building." The columbarium photo was taken by well-known Tulsa photographer John McCormack.
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Boston Avenue North Face

Boston Avenue
United Methodist

North Face

The building's straight, vertical lines suggest the church's reaching toward God, and the tower's four shards of glass are placed at angles to the four directions - receivers and reflectors of light. The downward-flowing lines in the terra cotta motif symbolize the outpouring of God's love and are echoed throughout the building. The tower is 255 feet high, with fifteen floors. The first fourteen are classrooms and offices, and the top floor is a small prayer chapel with space above for an electronic carillon.
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Circuit Rider Sculptures

Arched Doorways & Circuit Rider Sculptures
South Entrance

The building now stands as one of the most significant examples of art deco architecture in the world, and was recently designated as a National Historic Landmark by the U. S. Secretary of the Interior.
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Staircase to Sanctuary

Arched Doorways & Staircase to Sanctuary
North Entrance

Distinctive angled arch doorways suggest God's blessing on all who pass through. The arched form is used throughout the church for doors, windows, etched glass, and detailing of the brass hardware. The seven-pointed stars seen on the exterior and interior walls represent the seven virtues: patience, purity, knowledge, long-suffering, kindness, love and truth.
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Sanctuary

Sanctuary

All lines in the sanctuary lead to the pulpit, emphasizing the importance of the Word. The 750,000-piece mosaic behind the choir loft forms an aura of light radiating from the center cross and mirroring the design in the windows. The 13-foot bronze cross symbolizes the resurrection of Christ with an indentation that gives the impression of a figure, once there, now risen.
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Sanctuary

Sanctuary &
Circular Dome

Light is a major symbol representing spiritual growth. As sunlight is essential to physical growth, so divine light is inherent to each person's spiritual growth. The color and design are created to give maximum light. The circular dome symbolizes the infinite.
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Stained Glass

Stained Glass
Windows

The downward-flowing lines in the stained glass windows symbolize the outpouring of God's love. Two flowers indigenous to Oklahoma are also included in the window design to signify vital, growing Christianity. The coreopsis, which grows in the driest soil, symbolizes the hardiness and joy of the Christian faith. The tritoma, or torch lily, with its unusual downward blossoms, represents the generosity of the faith. Its strong stem is indicative of the strength of the church.
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Front Alter

Front Altar &
Möller Pipe Organ
Looking South

The exposed pipes of the 105-rank Möller pipe organ reflect the angled arches of the doorways, suggesting God's blessing on all who enter. The organ now includes 73 stops, 105 ranks, and 5,869 pipes which are controlled by a four-manual console with electro-pneumatic action and solid state combination action. It is valued at over $1,000,000.
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The Great Hall

The Great Hall
East Side of Sanctuary

The long terrazzo hallway on the east side of the sanctuary, known as Great Hall, was originally built as the "social lobby" for church gatherings and receptions. Due to its wonderful acoustics, the hall is used for special Advent and Lenten worship services, as well as for occasional social events.
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North Mosaic

North Mosaic

Art deco mosaics at either end of the hall were added in 1993 as part of the church's centennial celebration. Each weighs about 3,000 pounds and consists of a quarter of a million tiles. The north mosaic depicts God as revealed in the Hebrew scriptures, and includes the burning bush, Torah scrolls, prophet's staff or crozier, and "Adonai," the Hebrew name for God used most often in Jewish worship.
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South Mosaic

South Mosaic

The south mosaic shows how God is revealed in the Christian scriptures - the darkened cave where Jesus was born, the star announcing his birth, and the stylized cross. The two sacraments of the Protestant tradition are also depicted - water for baptism and wheat and grapes for Holy Communion. Radiating triangles remind us of the triune God - Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.
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Rose Chapel

Rose Chapel

Lines in the Rose Chapel are straight, as opposed to the sanctuary, which are curved. The three carved figures in the organ screen denote the chapel's function: meditation, ceremony, and worship. Windows convey impressions of comfort and peace, and are reflected in the carpet borders in the adjoining parlor, which is used for receptions and meetings.
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Columbarium

Columbarium

The Columbarium contains 1056 niches, each of which is designed to hold the ashes of a person who is cremated at death. Now church members and their loved ones can be buried at the church, demonstrating faith in a God who created us and loves us, and to whom each of us returns. A 10-foot-wide skylight provides an impressive view of the church tower rising into the sky, and the terrazzo floors and art deco lighting mirror the art deco architecture. A chapel in the center of the room provides a quiet space for meditation, reflection and prayer.
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Jubilee Center

Jubilee Center
First Floor

The Jubilee Center, opened and dedicated on May 5, 2002, provides 14 new classrooms, a catering kitchen, office, shower and locker facilities, youth lounge and game room, and a large multipurpose gymnasium for basketball, volleyball, and large group meetings and dinners. It has enabled a number of new ministries and programs at the church. Architect Roger Coffey designed the new addition to match the art deco architecture of the main building.
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Guided tours of the building are given every Sunday after the 11:00 worship service, beginning in the church library on the second floor. Guided tours can also be arranged during the week by calling the church office, 918.583.5181, or emailing Paula Gradney-Garner. Self-guided tours are also available any time the building is open, subject to room accessibility.